Every Rescue is a Story Worth Telling.
Charlie was rescued with fatty liver disease, now loving a healthy food diet.
Pari, used to be a breeder bird with no toys, now has as many toys as she wish.
Lotus was rescued with splayed leg and curved spine. He will be on meds for life.
Subhaan was in and out of the hospital when he first came to us. Now happy and playing all the time.

Finding the Perfect Bedding for Your Parrot

When it comes to our beloved pet birds, ensuring their comfort and well-being is paramount. One often overlooked aspect of their care is selecting the right bedding. The ideal bedding not only provides comfort but also contributes to their overall health and happiness. In this detailed guide, we'll explore everything you need to know about finding the best bedding for pet birds. 
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Bird owners often prioritize their parrots' diet, exercise, and mental stimulation, but the importance of suitable bedding cannot be overstated. From providing cushioning for delicate feet to maintaining cleanliness in their habitat, bedding plays a crucial role in your pet bird's environment.

For optimal bedding, consider the following:

Convenient Cleaning: Choose bedding that facilitates easy daily cleaning. (You may find our article on essential birdcage cleaning tips beneficial.)
Non-Edible Material: Opt for bedding that your birds won't ingest.
Fragrance-Free: Avoid bedding with strong fragrances or perfumes.
Low Dust: Select bedding that minimizes dust particles.

Hygiene and Cleanliness

Maintaining a clean and hygienic environment is essential for the health of your pet bird. Choose bedding that is easy to clean and replace regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and mold.

Best Bedding for your Parrot

Paper-based Bedding

Paper-based bedding, such as shredded paper or paper pellets, is a popular choice for pet bird owners. It is affordable, absorbent, and easy to clean, making it ideal for busy bird enthusiasts.
Paper towels
Plain paper
Brown paper bags
Packaging paper
Butcher paper
Ensure to steer clear of glossy advertisements or paper that appears to have undergone treatment, as the ink or treatment may pose safety risks to your bird.

Aspen Shavings

Aspen shavings are another excellent option for pet bird bedding. They are soft, dust-free, and natural, providing a comfortable and safe environment for your parrot. Aspen wood shavings have minimal fragrance and are free from chemicals that could irritate your bird's skin. Ensure you purchase aspen wood chips specifically designed for birds to guarantee their safety and comfort.

Cage Liners

Cage liners, such as paper or padded liners, provide a convenient and hygienic solution for bird cages. They are easy to clean and replace, reducing the hassle of maintaining your bird's habitat. Steer clear of bird liners that resemble sandpaper, as the sand particles can be ingested by your bird and the rough texture may wear down their talons if they walk on it. 

Clean Straw

Clean straw is a suitable option for indoor birds, although it's commonly associated with chickens. It can be obtained locally in rural areas or purchased from pet or feed stores for those less fortunate. However, it's crucial to ensure the straw is thoroughly cleaned, as it can harbor parasites that pose health risks to birds. Look for packaging indicating the straw has been sanitized if purchasing from a retailer. This bedding is beneficial for brooding female birds and provides a soft and secure environment for younger birds. Despite its use, it doesn't reduce cleaning frequency and may even add to the task's complexity.

Bedding to Avoid

Avian Litter

Avian litter usually consists of discarded corn cob fragments, walnut shells, or paper pellets. However, all pose a risk if ingested by your pet bird.


While some people opt for sand as a cage bottom to simplify cleaning, it poses risks as birds may ingest it due to their curious nature. Additionally, depending on your bird's messiness, sand can spread throughout the cage area.

Cedar or Pine Wood Shavings

Avoid cedar or pine wood shavings due to their strong fragrance, which can overwhelm birds and mask potential health issues. These materials can also cause skin irritation upon contact. Opt for aspen wood shavings specifically made for birds to ensure safety.

Cat Litter

While it may seem like a practical solution for minimizing cage mess, even low-dust cat litter can be too dusty for your bird. Additionally, ingestion of the litter can lead to health issues for your parrot.

Choosing the best bedding for your pet bird is crucial for their comfort, health, and happiness. By considering factors such as species, safety, and hygiene, you can create a cozy and inviting environment for your parrot to thrive in.

For more articles about bird care: 

Holistic Approach to Parrot's Lifestyle 

Bird Care: Optimizing Maintenance Activities for Your Parrot

Shreddable Bird Toys That Guarantee Hours of Entertainment


Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)

How to Choose the Perfect Cage/Aviary for Your Parrot?

Choosing A Cage for Your Parrot

Birds should be housed in a cage that is as roomy as possible, especially birds that will spend most or all of their time in the cage. 

Birds need to be able to stretch their wings and flap them without hitting anything. They should also be able to make short flights.

Mayday and Amelia

Did you know that Horizontal Bars are very important for Birds who like to climb Like Parakeets, cockatiels, and lots of playful parrots? 

Keep in mind that the spacing of the bars need to be small enough that the bird cannot get its head through them. 

Our recommended MINIMUM width and depth CAGE STANDARDS (WITHOUT seed skirts - Inside cage measurement):

  • Parakeets, Cockatiels, Lovebirds, Quakers: 27"w x 24"d
  • Ringnecks, Conures, Pionus, Lories, Meyers, Senegals, Multiple Small Birds: 32"w X 23"d
  • African Greys, Small Cockatoos, Eclectus, Amazons, Small Macaws: 36"w x 28"d
  • Umbrella cockatoo, Greater Sulfur Crested cockatoo, Triton cockatoo,

  • Moluccan cockatoo, Military macaw, Scarlet macaw, Blue and gold macaw: 40"w x 30"d
  • Greenwing or Hyacinth Macaws: 48"w x 36"d

We REALLY recommend the 64"w x 32"d or 80"w x 40"d "double" cages for even a single large bird.

Metal bars are good for birds that like to chew.

Also, it is better if the cage is easy to clean. Many cages have a slide-out tray and an easily removable grate.

Sweet loves her big cage with toys and perches.

Where should I place my bird cage?

The cage should be placed in a draft-free area that is well lit, but not in direct sunlight. To make your birds feel secure and comfortable, keep their cage against a wall or in a corner, and at eye level if you hang it from the ceiling.

The prefect Aviary for my Parrot

Aviaries are beneficial in providing large areas for birds, often with the intent of breeding. Aviaries can be either indoors or outdoors. Some birds are very noisy and can be a nuisance to close neighbors. So if your birds are loud, you may want to keep them in an indoor aviary or in a remote area.

Indoor Aviaries give you the ability to control temperature, lighting, noise and humidity. An indoor aviary is often a room in a home devoted to birds. The windows are covered with wire and the door often has a wired porch with two doors to pass through . These are to keep your birds from flying out. Some indoor aviaries are simply a bird room with extra large cages. Doing it this way, the doors and windows don?t need to be screened in.

Greyson in his indoor aviary.

Outdoor Aviaries can provide your birds with a natural environment and are designed in a wide variety of styles. Because the birds are exposed to the weather, they must have indoor sheltering, possibly heated or cooled, if conditions get extreme. Outdoor aviaries always need a shaded area and wind breaks. Trees or large branches can fit in nicely to create a comfortable home, but must be of non-toxic woods.

Noa in his outdoor aviary. 


Perches not only provide standing places for birds, but also give them an opportunity to exercise their beaks and keep their beaks trim. Perch size and shape can vary depending on the bird, but should fit their feet.  Round and oval wooden perches are often used. Variety in both size and shape is important to exercise your birds feet. Natural branches are great for providing this variety. 


Bowls are needed for foods, treats, and water. Ceramic or stainless steel bowls generally best. Built in bowl holders are often a part of the cage and may be designed to keep the bird from removing the bowl. Other bowls are attached with hooks, bolts or clips, and may mount inside or outside the cage depending on the design.

Toys for birds are designed in lots of combinations of woods, leathers, ropes, chains, bells and even acrylics. Toys such as swings and ladders are designed for chewing and climbing. The wide range of non-toxic colors, fun textures, shapes and sizes, you'll find in bird toys which will keep both you and your bird interested in checking out new ones. A great way to combat boredom and provide exercise!

Sydnee cage full of toys and perches.

A bird's cage serves as its sanctuary. It's crucial that their environment is cozy, safe, and offers sufficient space for them to roam and enjoy. Prioritize thorough research before acquiring a cage.

For more articles about bird care: 

How to quiet a screaming parrot.

Holistic Approach to Parrot's Lifestyle 

Bird Care: Optimizing Maintenance Activities for Your Parrot

Shreddable Bird Toys That Guarantee Hours of Entertainment


Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)

Essential Bird Training & Behavior Concepts Every Owner Should Know!

This article is your gateway to essential bird training and behavior concepts, tailored for every bird owner. Explore foundational techniques, expert advice, and practical tips to ensure a harmonious bond with your pet bird. From basic training to advanced concepts, we cover it all! Don't miss this enriching experience—start your bird training journey today!

Bird Training
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Define your purpose, clearly before you begin.

Establish your objective by clearly defining what you aim to achieve. Understanding the specific behaviors or tricks you want to teach your bird is crucial for effective training. Start with manageable, incremental goals to ensure your bird comprehends and learns successfully from each step.

Use small steps to attain the desired purpose.

Complex concepts, are never mastered in one substantial step. Instead, breaking them into small, concise steps and repetitively practicing these incremental stages serves as the foundation for acquiring a range of intricate new behaviors.

Utilization of bridges and cues with your bird.

A bridge refers to a sound, like a clicker, spoken word, or whistle, employed when the bird executes a desired action. Over time, this association strengthens, transforming the bridge into a cue—a sound indicating to the bird that it's time to exhibit that particular behavior.

Positive reinforcement works beautifully.

Positive reinforcement involves presenting a stimulus after a behavior to support and enhance the likelihood of that behavior recurring. Positive reinforcers are appealing items or interactions, like food rewards, verbal praise, or a pat on the head. For effective reinforcement, the reward should be provided or completed within approximately 10 seconds, ensuring seamless continuation of the training process.

Negative reinforcement should be avoided.

Negative reinforcement involves taking away a stimulus after a behavior to encourage the continuation or increase in the frequency of that behavior. Typically, these are unpleasant stimuli that the bird seeks to avoid. While negative reinforcement can be effective, learners often only engage with the minimum required to evade the negative stimulus, hindering comprehensive learning. Due to this, it is generally not recommended.

Positive punishment shouldn't be used.

It is not advisable to introduce an aversive stimulus after a behavior, aiming to decrease or suppress the frequency of that behavior. This approach is likely to lead to counter-aggression, escape behaviors, and, ultimately, apathy.

Negative punishment is a great tool to use.

Removing a stimulus after a behavior, with the aim of reducing or suppressing the frequency of that behavior, can be strategically employed. This method is useful for replacing unintentional positive reinforcement of undesirable behaviors, especially when acceptable alternative behaviors are positively reinforced. For instance, if a bird is vocalizing in your presence, leaving the room until it stops for a couple of minutes can be implemented. Upon return, offering a treat or positive interaction for quiet behavior reinforces the desired response.

Target training with your bird.

A target serves as a means to capture a bird's focus and guide its subsequent actions. The bird consistently receives a reward when it either touches or follows the target. Adhering to this principle opens up a wide range of tasks and tricks that can be taught. A target can take various forms, ranging from a colored stick to something as simple as a raised finger.

Station training with your bird.

This designated area is the hub for developing neural connections. The station may take the form of a portable perch or any object where the bird can comfortably sit without being diverted by other birds, people, food, toys, and similar distractions. The bird will associate this spot with attaining the most rewarding experiences, fostering an eagerness for the time spent at this unique location.

Don't change the rules on your bird.

When presenting a reward, whether it's for stepping up, targeting, or any desired action, and the bird successfully complies, it's crucial to allow them to receive their reward. If you find the task too simple for them, reset the scenario after the reward and introduce a slightly more challenging objective for them to attempt. Conversely, if the task seems too demanding, withhold the reward, take a brief step back, and then present a new, more achievable goal.

Patience is a must when bird training.

Animal training requires both time and patience, particularly when addressing significant social issues in a bird. Take the necessary time to acknowledge and applaud the small achievements along the way.

Conclude training sessions on a positive note, especially after achieving breakthroughs. Reward your bird generously, creating a positive association with the learning experience and solidifying the bond between you and your avian companion. Mastering bird training and behavior modification is a nuanced process, demanding dedication, consistency, and a deep understanding of avian psychology. By adhering to these principles, you pave the way for a fulfilling and cooperative relationship with your pet bird.

For more articles about bird care: 





Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)

Red Palm Oil for Parrots


What is Red Palm Oil? 

Red palm oil is a type of vegetable oil that is extracted from the fruit of the oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis). It is distinct from palm kernel oil, which is derived from the seed or kernel of the same fruit. The oil palm tree is native to West Africa but is now also cultivated in tropical regions around the world. One of the richest, natural sources of carotenoids in red palm oil. Palm absorbs less pollutants from the environment 

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What about the deforestation? 

The production of red palm oil has been associated with deforestation, particularly in tropical regions. The expansion of oil palm plantations has contributed to habitat loss, biodiversity decline, and environmental concerns. However, The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is an organization that promotes the production and use of sustainable palm oil. 

Boycotting red palm oil entirely may not be the most effective solution, because it could lead to the adoption of alternative oils that may require even larger land areas for cultivation. Supporting sustainable practices, such as those endorsed by RSPO, is a more balanced approach. This involves encouraging responsible production and consumption of palm oil, thereby addressing environmental and social concerns associated with its cultivation. (read more)

Why is Vitamin A deficiency an issue with parrots?

Because parrots require as much Vitamin A as humans, daily. Humans' daily allowance for vitamin A is 2400 to 5000 IE a day; for parrots 2000-4000 IE per kg body weight. Therefore, per kg of a parrot, a parrot requires as much vitamin A as a human.

Red palm oil is known for its high content of beta-carotene, a precursor to vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential for various bodily functions, including maintaining healthy skin, vision, immune system function, and proper organ function. Consuming red palm oil can be beneficial for parrots who are at risk of or experiencing vitamin A deficiency.

Why use Red Palm Oil for Picky Eaters?

Red palm oil is a valuable addition to a parrot's diet due to its rich content of vitamin A, vitamin E complex, and carotenoids, which are cancer-fighting antioxidants. Red Palm oil also promotes strong cardiovascular health. 

For parrots that are selective about their food, incorporating red palm oil into their diet can provide them with nutrients, vitamin A, they may need. Mixing a small amount or drizzling a few drops into their regular diet is all they need.

How much red palm oil does my parrot need?

It takes just a few drops per week for your bird to enjoy the countless nutritional benefits of Red Palm Oil! Red Palm Oil is especially helpful for parrots who have vitamin A deficiency, but any bird can benefit. Moderation is key, as excessive consumption of red palm oil can lead to an imbalanced diet. Parrots require a diverse range of foods to meet their nutritional needs, and relying solely on one supplement may result in deficiencies. Moreover, too much fat can lead to obesity in parrots, affecting their overall health. 


What are the Benefits of Red Palm Oil?

Red Palm oil, can offer some nutritional benefits for birds when used in moderation because of its high calorie and fat content. It contains various nutrients that may support their health, including:

Decreases incidence of arteriosclerosis.
Lowers blood cholesterol.
Decreases occurrence of blood clots.
Lower incidence of strokes and heart attacks.
Improves immune function.
Improves skin and feather health!
Source of Vitamin A 
Source of Omega 3 and Omega 6

Always consult with a qualified avian veterinarian before introducing any new food or
supplement into your parrot's diet to ensure proper dose. Being informed of the
source of red palm oil is really important to ensure only responsible cultivation is

For more articles about bird care: 

The Parrot Health Crisis: Exploring Vitamin A Deficiency

Vitamin D Deficiency In Our Pet Bird

Holistic Approach to parrot's lifestyle

Essential Bird Training & Behavior Concepts Every Owner Should Know!


Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)






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