Every Rescue is a Story Worth Telling.
Charlie was rescued with fatty liver disease, now loving a healthy food diet.
Pari, used to be a breeder bird with no toys, now has as many toys as she wish.
Lotus was rescued with splayed leg and curved spine. He will be on meds for life.
Subhaan was in and out of the hospital when he first came to us. Now happy and playing all the time.

Fresh Vegetables for Parrots

Fresh vegetables are not just a culinary delight for humans but also play a crucial role in the health and well-being of our feathered friends, parrots. These colorful and nutrient-packed foods provide essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that contribute to their overall vitality. Whether you're a new parrot owner or looking to enhance your pet's diet, understanding which vegetables are safe and beneficial is key.

Fresh Vegetables for Parrots
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Nutritional Benefits of Vegetables for Parrots

Parrots, like humans, benefit greatly from a diet rich in vegetables. These foods are packed with vitamins such as A, C, and K, along with minerals like calcium, magnesium, and potassium. These nutrients support strong bones, vibrant plumage, and a robust immune system. Additionally, the fiber content in vegetables aids in digestion, promoting gastrointestinal health and reducing the risk of digestive disorders in parrots.

Selecting the Best Vegetables for Your Parrot

When selecting vegetables for your parrot, consider factors such as their species, age, and current health condition. Some parrots may have specific dietary needs or preferences, so it's essential to tailor their vegetable intake accordingly. Always use fresh vegetables when possible, and thoroughly wash them to remove any pesticides or contaminants.

Parrot Safe Vegetables

The healthiest fruits and veggies have the deepest colors. Focus on yellow and orange vegetables rich in beta carotene (Vitamin A), and dark green leafy vegetables which are packed with B vitamins, calcium, antioxidants, and minerals. 

You can serve veggies raw or cooked, just don’t overcook them or they might lose some of their nutrients.

Also, try to limit the amount of vegetables that contain high water content and little nutritional value, such as celery, iceberg lettuce, and cucumber.

Healthy and safe vegetables for your pet parrot:

  • Artichoke

  • Arugula (Rocket)

  • Beetroot and leaves**

  • Bok Choy

  • Borecole (type of kale)

  • Broccoli (all types)

  • Brussels sprouts

  • Cabbage

  • Carrots and carrot tops

  • Cauliflower stem and leaves

  • Swiss Chard**

  • Chickweed

  • Chicory

  • Collard Greens

  • Corn

  • Cucumber

  • Dandelion Greens

  • Endive

  • Escarole

  • Eggplant* (cooked, without skin)

  • Fennel

  • Ginger root

  • Green Beans

  • Jalapeños

  • Jicama

  • Kale

  • Kohlrabi

  • Lettuces (Dark Green/Red)

  • Mustard Greens

  • Okra 

  • Parsnips

  • Peas & Pea pods 

  • Peppers* (all)

  • Pumpkins and seeds

  • Radish and tops

  • Rutabaga

  • Spinach**

  • Squash (all types)

  • Sweet Potato (steamed)

  • Tatsoi

  • Turnips and tops

  • Watercress

  • Yams

  • Zucchini

*Leaves and stems from nightshade plants, such as tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants, are toxic to parrots.

**These vegetables contain high levels of oxalates, which can cause kidney stones and reduce calcium levels. To counteract this, provide fresh foods that are high in calcium.

Vegetables Rich in Vitamin A:

  • Bell peppers

  • Bok choy

  • Broccoli

  • Carrots

  • Chard

  • Chicory

  • Collards

  • Dandelion greens

  • Kale

  • Mustard greens

  • Okra

  • Parsley

  • Pumpkin

  • Spinach

  • Squash

  • Sweet potatoes

  • Swiss chard

  • Turnip greens

Vegetables Rich in Calcium:

  • Beet greens

  • Bok choy

  • Broccoli

  • Cabbage

  • Collard greens

  • Kale

  • Mustard greens

  • Parsley

  • Spinach

  • Turnip greens

Vegetables Rich in Vitamin B

  • Spinach

  • Broccoli

  • Brussels sprouts

  • Asparagus

  • Peas

  • Bell peppers

  • Cauliflower

  • Sweet potatoes

Ensuring your parrot's diet includes a variety of fresh produce is key to promoting their health and longevity. By offering vegetables, fruits, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds in appropriate proportions, you provide essential nutrients that support their immune system, maintain optimal organ function, and contribute to overall well-being. Remember to prioritize freshness, wash thoroughly, and consider organic options when possible to minimize pesticide exposure. With a balanced diet tailored to their needs, your parrot can thrive and enjoy a vibrant life by your side.

Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)

Finding the Perfect Bedding for Your Parrot

When it comes to our beloved pet birds, ensuring their comfort and well-being is paramount. One often overlooked aspect of their care is selecting the right bedding. The ideal bedding not only provides comfort but also contributes to their overall health and happiness. In this detailed guide, we'll explore everything you need to know about finding the best bedding for pet birds. 

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Bird owners often prioritize their parrots' diet, exercise, and mental stimulation, but the importance of suitable bedding cannot be overstated. From providing cushioning for delicate feet to maintaining cleanliness in their habitat, bedding plays a crucial role in your pet bird's environment.

For optimal bedding, consider the following:

Convenient Cleaning: Choose bedding that facilitates easy daily cleaning. (You may find our article on essential birdcage cleaning tips beneficial.)
Non-Edible Material: Opt for bedding that your birds won't ingest.
Fragrance-Free: Avoid bedding with strong fragrances or perfumes.
Low Dust: Select bedding that minimizes dust particles.

Hygiene and Cleanliness

Maintaining a clean and hygienic environment is essential for the health of your pet bird. Choose bedding that is easy to clean and replace regularly to prevent the buildup of bacteria and mold.

Best Bedding for your Parrot

Paper-based Bedding

Paper-based bedding, such as shredded paper or paper pellets, is a popular choice for pet bird owners. It is affordable, absorbent, and easy to clean, making it ideal for busy bird enthusiasts.
Paper towels
Plain paper
Brown paper bags
Packaging paper
Butcher paper
Ensure to steer clear of glossy advertisements or paper that appears to have undergone treatment, as the ink or treatment may pose safety risks to your bird.

Aspen Shavings
Aspen shavings are another excellent option for pet bird bedding. They are soft, dust-free, and natural, providing a comfortable and safe environment for your parrot. Aspen wood shavings have minimal fragrance and are free from chemicals that could irritate your bird's skin. Ensure you purchase aspen wood chips specifically designed for birds to guarantee their safety and comfort.

Cage Liners

Cage liners, such as paper or padded liners, provide a convenient and hygienic solution for bird cages. They are easy to clean and replace, reducing the hassle of maintaining your bird's habitat. Steer clear of bird liners that resemble sandpaper, as the sand particles can be ingested by your bird and the rough texture may wear down their talons if they walk on it. 

Clean Straw

Clean straw is a suitable option for indoor birds, although it's commonly associated with chickens. It can be obtained locally in rural areas or purchased from pet or feed stores for those less fortunate. However, it's crucial to ensure the straw is thoroughly cleaned, as it can harbor parasites that pose health risks to birds. Look for packaging indicating the straw has been sanitized if purchasing from a retailer. This bedding is beneficial for brooding female birds and provides a soft and secure environment for younger birds. Despite its use, it doesn't reduce cleaning frequency and may even add to the task's complexity.

Bedding to Avoid

Avian Litter

Avian litter usually consists of discarded corn cob fragments, walnut shells, or paper pellets. However, all pose a risk if ingested by your pet bird.


While some people opt for sand as a cage bottom to simplify cleaning, it poses risks as birds may ingest it due to their curious nature. Additionally, depending on your bird's messiness, sand can spread throughout the cage area.

Cedar or Pine Wood Shavings

Avoid cedar or pine wood shavings due to their strong fragrance, which can overwhelm birds and mask potential health issues. These materials can also cause skin irritation upon contact. Opt for aspen wood shavings specifically made for birds to ensure safety.

Cat Litter

While it may seem like a practical solution for minimizing cage mess, even low-dust cat litter can be too dusty for your bird. Additionally, ingestion of the litter can lead to health issues for your parrot.

Choosing the best bedding for your pet bird is crucial for their comfort, health, and happiness. By considering factors such as species, safety, and hygiene, you can create a cozy and inviting environment for your parrot to thrive in.

For more articles about bird care: 

Holistic Approach to Parrot's Lifestyle 

Bird Care: Optimizing Maintenance Activities for Your Parrot

Shreddable Bird Toys That Guarantee Hours of Entertainment


Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)

How to Choose the Perfect Cage/Aviary for Your Parrot?

Choosing A Cage for Your Parrot

Birds should be housed in a cage that is as roomy as possible, especially birds that will spend most or all of their time in the cage. 

Birds need to be able to stretch their wings and flap them without hitting anything. They should also be able to make short flights.

Mayday and Amelia

Did you know that Horizontal Bars are very important for Birds who like to climb Like Parakeets, cockatiels, and lots of playful parrots? 

Keep in mind that the spacing of the bars need to be small enough that the bird cannot get its head through them. 

Our recommended MINIMUM width and depth CAGE STANDARDS (WITHOUT seed skirts - Inside cage measurement):

  • Parakeets, Cockatiels, Lovebirds, Quakers: 27"w x 24"d
  • Ringnecks, Conures, Pionus, Lories, Meyers, Senegals, Multiple Small Birds: 32"w X 23"d
  • African Greys, Small Cockatoos, Eclectus, Amazons, Small Macaws: 36"w x 28"d
  • Umbrella cockatoo, Greater Sulfur Crested cockatoo, Triton cockatoo,

  • Moluccan cockatoo, Military macaw, Scarlet macaw, Blue and gold macaw: 40"w x 30"d
  • Greenwing or Hyacinth Macaws: 48"w x 36"d

We REALLY recommend the 64"w x 32"d or 80"w x 40"d "double" cages for even a single large bird.

Metal bars are good for birds that like to chew.

Also, it is better if the cage is easy to clean. Many cages have a slide-out tray and an easily removable grate.

Sweet loves her big cage with toys and perches.

Where should I place my bird cage?

The cage should be placed in a draft-free area that is well lit, but not in direct sunlight. To make your birds feel secure and comfortable, keep their cage against a wall or in a corner, and at eye level if you hang it from the ceiling.

The prefect Aviary for my Parrot

Aviaries are beneficial in providing large areas for birds, often with the intent of breeding. Aviaries can be either indoors or outdoors. Some birds are very noisy and can be a nuisance to close neighbors. So if your birds are loud, you may want to keep them in an indoor aviary or in a remote area.

Indoor Aviaries give you the ability to control temperature, lighting, noise and humidity. An indoor aviary is often a room in a home devoted to birds. The windows are covered with wire and the door often has a wired porch with two doors to pass through . These are to keep your birds from flying out. Some indoor aviaries are simply a bird room with extra large cages. Doing it this way, the doors and windows don?t need to be screened in.

Greyson in his indoor aviary.

Outdoor Aviaries can provide your birds with a natural environment and are designed in a wide variety of styles. Because the birds are exposed to the weather, they must have indoor sheltering, possibly heated or cooled, if conditions get extreme. Outdoor aviaries always need a shaded area and wind breaks. Trees or large branches can fit in nicely to create a comfortable home, but must be of non-toxic woods.

Noa in his outdoor aviary. 


Perches not only provide standing places for birds, but also give them an opportunity to exercise their beaks and keep their beaks trim. Perch size and shape can vary depending on the bird, but should fit their feet.  Round and oval wooden perches are often used. Variety in both size and shape is important to exercise your birds feet. Natural branches are great for providing this variety. 


Bowls are needed for foods, treats, and water. Ceramic or stainless steel bowls generally best. Built in bowl holders are often a part of the cage and may be designed to keep the bird from removing the bowl. Other bowls are attached with hooks, bolts or clips, and may mount inside or outside the cage depending on the design.

Toys for birds are designed in lots of combinations of woods, leathers, ropes, chains, bells and even acrylics. Toys such as swings and ladders are designed for chewing and climbing. The wide range of non-toxic colors, fun textures, shapes and sizes, you'll find in bird toys which will keep both you and your bird interested in checking out new ones. A great way to combat boredom and provide exercise!

Sydnee cage full of toys and perches.

A bird's cage serves as its sanctuary. It's crucial that their environment is cozy, safe, and offers sufficient space for them to roam and enjoy. Prioritize thorough research before acquiring a cage.

For more articles about bird care: 

How to quiet a screaming parrot.

Holistic Approach to Parrot's Lifestyle 

Bird Care: Optimizing Maintenance Activities for Your Parrot

Shreddable Bird Toys That Guarantee Hours of Entertainment


Author Monika Sangar

PDS is a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization (tax id #46-2470926)

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